Monthly Gardening Tips

January 2019

Watering

  • Cut back on watering your lawns, trees and shrubs.
  • Water winter annuals.

Fertilizing

  • Discontinue fertilizer on trees and shrubs.
  • Iris, Crape Myrtle, Lilacs & Peonies should have an application of Super Phosphate January or February to strengthen stems & increase blooms.
  • Fertilize your houseplants with a water-soluble fertilizer and water them. Over-watering can lead to plant diseases.

Yard and Garden

  • Winter is a great time to start planning your dream garden or landscape. Contact us for a consultation with our Landscape Designer.
  • Winterize your irrigation systems if you haven’t already done so.
  • Leave some foliage on perennial plants to help insulate them from the cold.
  • Start improving your garden soil for spring planting by mixing in organic material such as compost.
  • Prune deciduous trees and shrubs. The best time to prune is when plants are fully dormant. Prune summer flowering shrubs such as Crepe Myrtle, Butterfly Bush, Rose of Sharon, etc.

Insects and Diseases

  • Clean your garden area by removing all debris. Deadhead plants to prevent wintering pests.
  • Remove fallen leaves from your lawn. Wet leaves can block sunlight and increase the chance of disease.

Vegetables

  • Remove any vegetable plants that have stopped producing to reduce the chance of disease or insects.
  • Improve soils in vegetable beds by adding Back to Eden compost, home compost or mixing in manure.

Miscellaneous

  • Protect any tender plants from freezing with a frost cloth. Leaves or mulch can be used to protect smaller plants.
  • Use horticultural or dormant sprays on deciduous trees and shrubs, including fruit trees, to kill over-wintering insect eggs and help prevent diseases. It’s important to spray early before buds start to swell.