- Deep water established trees, shrubs and garden beds once a month in the winter. If the weather is warmer than usual, water every 2 weeks.
- New planting will require more water the first year.
- Water winter annuals in containers every week or two depending on pot size.
- Discontinue fertilizer on trees & shrubs.
- Fertilize house plants with a good water soluble fertilizer. Be sure not to over fertilize or over water house plants in the winter months.
Yard and Garden
- Plant bare root roses
- Dethatch, aerate and water lawns.
- Prune deciduous trees and shrubs. The best time to prune is when plants have gone fully dormant. Prune summer flowering shrubs in January or February i.e. Crepe Myrtle, Butterfly Bush and Rose of Sharon. Wait until mid-March to prune roses. Prune spring flowering shrubs shortly after blooming in late spring or early summer.
- Pruning guidelines:
- No more than 1/3 of the plant.
- Prune to shape.
- Prune all dead or damaged branches.
- Prune off branches that cross and rub.
- Prune to thin interior of plant to increase air circulation.
- Time to cut back ornamental grasses. Cut them to a ball shape.
- Transplant any mislocated plants while dormant.
- Wait until mid-March to prune Roses.
- Start improving your garden soil by mixing in some organic material such as compost or a top dressing of manure, look out for bulbs starting to come up.
Insects and Diseases
- Clean your garden area by removing all debris and deadhead plants to prevent wintering pests.
- Be sure to remove fallen leaves from your lawn, wet leaves can block sunlight and increase the chance of disease.
- Use horticultural or dormant sprays on deciduous trees and shrubs i.e. fruit trees to kill over wintering insect eggs and help prevent disease. It’s important to spray early before buds start to swell.
- Plant cool season vegetables such as lettuces, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Swiss chard, kale and mustards. Plant in a cold frame or use a frost cloth.
- Continue to remove any vegetable plants that have stopped producing to reduce the chance of disease or insects.
- Improve soils in vegetable beds by adding BTE compost, home compost or manure.
- Start planting seeds for upcoming season.
- Protect any tender plants from freezing with a frost cloth or small plants with leaves or mulch.
- Eliminate winter annual weeds such as wild mustards and perennial dandy lions.
- Start a new compost bin.