Monthly Gardening Tips

November 2021

Watering

  • Cut back on watering your lawns, trees and shrubs, and reset your automatic sprinklers and drip systems as the days get shorter and cooler.
  • Deep water established trees, shrubs and garden beds.
  • Regularly water houseplants. Do not let houseplants dry out.
  • Continue watering your plants, even as the temperature decreases, because dry plants are more easily damaged by freezing temperatures. Remember: New plantings will require more water the first year.

Fertilizing

  • Fertilize houseplants with a good water-soluble fertilizer.
  • Use Winterizer on lawns, trees and shrubs.

Yard and Garden

  • Seed warm-season lawns with native grass seed mixes such as Buffalo or Blue Grama.
  • Refresh your container gardens with annual flowering plants.
  • Mow established lawns weekly.
  • Plant fruit trees: apple, apricot, cherry, pecan, plum, pear and pomegranate.
  • Refresh mulches as needed.
  • Divide and transplant iris, peonies and other spring blooms as they go dormant.
  • Plant spring wildflowers now.
  • Order spring-blooming bulbs. Plant spring-blooming bulbs as soon as you get them
  • Plant cool-season annuals, such as pansies and snapdragons, when the temperature begins to decrease.
  • Plant perennials. Divide and replace overcrowded perennial beds. Remember to apply a layer of organic matter to the new bed.
  • Reseed over existing cool-season lawns.
  • Deadhead spent blooms to encourage flowering.
  • Once leaves begin to fall, be sure to remove them from your lawn, as wet leaves can block sunlight and increase the chance of disease.
  • Leave the foliage on your perennials to help insulate them from the harsh winter conditions.

Insects and Diseases

  • Check for pinon needle scale and spray with malathion if you see them.
  • Keep an eye out for aphids, spider mites and other pests. Eliminate as needed until the first frost.
  • Remove any vegetable plants that have stopped producing to reduce the chance of insects and disease.
  • Garlic and onions are ready when their tops start to bend over. Remove the tops after they’ve dried and store in a cool place.

Vegetables

  • Plant herbs such as thyme, lavender and mint.
  • Harvest vegetables as they ripen.
  • Plant broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, carrots, collards, lettuce and other cool-season vegetables that will winter over.

Misc.

  • Clean and winterize ponds, waterfalls and fountains.
  • Inspect and repair drip irrigation and sprinkler systems as needed.
  • Hang a fresh chile ristra for a perfect New Mexican autumn. Add pansies and gourds for an extra pop of color.
  • Bring in any houseplants to avoid frost.
  • Prune deciduous trees, but only for structural and safety purposes. Do not prune fruit trees until February or March.