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- Cut back on watering your lawns, trees and shrubs, and reset your automatic sprinklers and drip systems as the days get shorter and cooler.
- Deep water established trees, shrubs and garden beds.
- Regularly water houseplants. Do not let houseplants dry out.
- Continue watering your plants, even as the temperature decreases, because dry plants are more easily damaged by freezing temperatures. Remember: New plantings will require more water the first year.
- Fertilize houseplants with a good water-soluble fertilizer.
- Use Winterizer on lawns, trees and shrubs.
Yard and Garden
- Seed warm-season lawns with native grass seed mixes such as Buffalo or Blue Grama.
- Refresh your container gardens with annual flowering plants.
- Mow established lawns weekly.
- Plant fruit trees: apple, apricot, cherry, pecan, plum, pear and pomegranate.
- Refresh mulches as needed.
- Divide and transplant iris, peonies and other spring blooms as they go dormant.
- Plant spring wildflowers now.
- Order spring-blooming bulbs. Plant spring-blooming bulbs as soon as you get them
- Plant cool-season annuals, such as pansies and snapdragons, when the temperature begins to decrease.
- Plant perennials. Divide and replace overcrowded perennial beds. Remember to apply a layer of organic matter to the new bed.
- Reseed over existing cool-season lawns.
- Deadhead spent blooms to encourage flowering.
- Once leaves begin to fall, be sure to remove them from your lawn, as wet leaves can block sunlight and increase the chance of disease.
- Leave the foliage on your perennials to help insulate them from the harsh winter conditions.
Insects and Diseases
- Check for pinon needle scale and spray with malathion if you see them.
- Keep an eye out for aphids, spider mites and other pests. Eliminate as needed until the first frost.
- Remove any vegetable plants that have stopped producing to reduce the chance of insects and disease.
- Garlic and onions are ready when their tops start to bend over. Remove the tops after they’ve dried and store in a cool place.
- Plant herbs such as thyme, lavender and mint.
- Harvest vegetables as they ripen.
- Plant broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, carrots, collards, lettuce and other cool-season vegetables that will winter over.
- Clean and winterize ponds, waterfalls and fountains.
- Inspect and repair drip irrigation and sprinkler systems as needed.
- Hang a fresh chile ristra for a perfect New Mexican autumn. Add pansies and gourds for an extra pop of color.
- Bring in any houseplants to avoid frost.
- Prune deciduous trees, but only for structural and safety purposes. Do not prune fruit trees until February or March.