Monthly Gardening Tips

October 2022


  • Gradually cut back on watering as temperatures go down.
  • Water lawns and gardens twice a week.
  • Water established trees, slowly and deeply, once a month.
  • Water fruit trees twice a week.
  • Water shrubs twice a week.
  • Water annuals and perennials in containers twice a week depending on pot size and temperatures.
  • Winterize sprinkler system as needed. Reset timers to twice a week.
  • Remember: New plantings will require more water the first year.


  • Fertilize annual container gardens with a high phosphorus blooming formula weekly for continued blooms throughout fall and winter.
  • Fertilize cool-season vegetables with a good organic vegetable food.

Yard and Garden

  • Replace summer-flowering annuals with cool-season plants such as pansies, mums, ornamental kale and snapdragons.
  • Plant perennials so they will acclimate over winter for better summer blooming. Apply super phosphate when planting for even better blooms!
  • Plant up or refresh containers with cool-season annuals, perennials and/or small shrubs. Remember the saying, “Thriller, Filler and Spiller!”
  • Decorate with chile ristras for a perfect New Mexican Fall. Add pumpkins and gourds for an extra pop of color!
  • Plant ornamental grasses such as pink muhly, karl foerster or pampas grass for a beautiful fall display!
  • Plant trees and shrubs now! They will establish strong roots through winter.
  • Continue to remove spent flowers from roses and plants to encourage repeat blooming.
  • Refresh mulch as needed to conserve moisture and suppress weeds.
  • Plant spring-flowering bulbs such as tulips, daffodils and hyacinth. Use bulb food when planting.
  • Bring in houseplants that have summered outside before the last frost. Inspect them well for insects. Treat as needed.
  • Prune summer-flowering shrubs such as crape myrtle, butterfly bush and Rose of Sharon.
  • Prune Pyracantha to show off its berries in winter.
  • Cover any newly planted tender plants with frost cloth if an early freeze occurs.
  • Clean waterfalls, ponds and fountains.

Insects and Diseases

  • Keep an eye out for aphids, spider mites and other insects. Eliminate as needed.
  • Use BT to prevent damage from budworms (on geranium and petunia blossoms) and tomato horn worm (on tomato plants).
  • Bring samples of insects or damaged plants to our pharmacy for solutions to problem areas. We can also identify plants for you!
  • Inspect roses and foliage for powdery mildew and diseases. Treat as needed.
  • Continue to kill weeds with a good weed killer. Do not let them go to seed to prevent future generations of weeds.


  • Continue to harvest vegetables and fruit as they ripen.
  • Remove plants that are no longer producing.
  • Plant cool-season vegetables such as broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, carrots, lettuce and spinach from starts or seed.


  • Clean and winterize gardening tools for storage.